A description of learning how to think scientifically in order to find the truth

Science as a Way of Thinking Science, as a human enterprise, is the most successful tool ever devised for explaining our universe. Once a hypothesis is strongly supported by evidence, a new question can be asked to provide further insight on the same topic.

importance of scientific thinking

Saying something is "just a theory" is a layperson's term that has no relationship to science. InMatias Reyes, a convicted murderer and serial rapist in prison, confessed to raping the jogger, and DNA evidence confirmed his guilt. The experimental control is a technique for dealing with observational error.

how does the scientific method aid human critical reasoning processes

Additional resources. Not having found an explanation for a phenomena, a scientist looks for clues in existing research. Another manifestation of coherence is the role played by the principle of consilience—the unity of knowledge.

Sometimes, if the authority is reliable, authoritarian evidence is reliable evidence, but many authorities are not reliable, so you must check the reliability of each authority before you accept its evidence. When we focus on such observations and feel compelled to explain them, we have engaged in the first step of the scientific method.

For example, all scientists are very curious about nature, and they have to possess this emotional characteristic to sustain the motivation and energy necessary to perform the hard and often tedious work of science.

Well-informed experts can disseminate knowledge but they are not acceptable as oracles of it.

A description of learning how to think scientifically in order to find the truth

If the evidence has falsified the hypothesis, a new hypothesis is required; if the experiment supports the hypothesis but the evidence is not strong enough for high confidence, other predictions from the hypothesis must be tested.

Objectivity[ edit ] Because science is an attempt to uncover truths about the natural world by eliminating personal biases, attachments, and false beliefs, objectivity is essential to scientific thinking.

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Thinking Scientifically