A look at the african american troops in the civil war the 54th massachusetts

Carney Sergeant William H. Photograph of Augustus St.

54th regiment

Many of these officers were of abolitionist families and several were chosen by Governor Andrew himself. This resulted in what he described as "a more robust, strong and healthy set of men were never mustered into the service of the United States. Shaw and his troops would have to launch their attack on the seemingly impregnable fort from there.

Battle of fort wagner

During the retreat, the unit was suddenly ordered to counter-march back to Ten-Mile station. Lieutenant J. They did so in spite of an announcement by the Confederate Congress that every captured black soldier would be sold into slavery and every white officer in command of black troops would be executed. As the 54th marched over the spot of the Boston Massacre of where Crispus Attucks had fallen, they broke into song, singing "John Brown's Body. The 54th Massachusetts Regiment not only fought the Confederates in the field. The men of the 54th were outgunned and outnumbered. When the 7th disbanded, Shaw accepted a commission in the 2nd Massachusetts Infantry. His parents Francis and Sarah had joined the American Anti-Slavery Society in , and by Francis was working with the Boston Vigilance Committee to help runaway slaves gain their freedom. The entire collection of photographs is described in a collection guide with links to digitized images, 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment photographs Photo.

Shaw joined an exclusive militia regiment, the 7th New York National Guard, where he talked about what he would do if the South made trouble. Recruiting offices were opened throughout the North as Massachusetts did not have a sufficiently large free black population to fill the regiment.

54th massachusetts regiment movie

He made the trip with 3, other visitors, including such prominent abolitionists as Frederick Douglass, William Lloyd Garrison, and Wendell Phillips. The courage of the soldiers in the 54th convinced many politicians and Army officers of their value, prompting the further enlistment of black soldiers. Shortly thereafter, Secretary of War Edwin Stanton authorized Massachusetts Governor John Andrews to call for volunteers for an all-black infantry regiment. Although Union forces were not able to take and hold the fort despite taking a portion of the walls in the initial assault , the 54th was widely acclaimed for its valor during the battle, and the event helped encourage the further enlistment and mobilization of African-American troops, a key development that President Abraham Lincoln once noted as helping to secure the final victory. They were greeted by local blacks and by Northern abolitionists, some of whom had deployed from Boston a year earlier as missionaries to the Port Royal Experiment. The other companies lined up on its left. Assaulting James Island, the Fifty-fourth soon distinguished itself in combat.

The Battle of Grimball's Landing served as a diversion for the later attack on Battery Wagner and also provided the men of the 54th with combat experience.

South of the batteries, a deep moat with a sluice gate and three guns bounded Fort Wagner along its northern sea face.

robert gould shaw
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Black History Month: the 54th Massachusetts